Summary. In the article it is grounded the need of internal control implementation in public authorities: prevalence of centralized model of public internal financial control with elements of decentralized; extremely low level of financial discipline in the budgetary sphere and the public sector of economy. Also the need of procedures for compensation for finances loss establishing, because it is one of the most important features of readiness of the country – a candidate for EU membership.
Recent researches and publications are analyzed, it clearly demonstrates wide enough elaboration of this issue but also lack of researches on the essential and content characteristics of the internal control system, differences in terminology definitions.
It is established that control is the source of information about social processes for programs and models adaptation or programs and models of further development selection. Also, it is one of the most important ways to get objective information about the society livelihoods in general, and on specific political, economic and social processes in the country.
It is determined that in the process of public authorities functions realization in conditions of global challenges, restructuring of established rules for its functioning, uncertainty factor increases, it requires consideration of nowadays risk factors and challenges. The essential characteristic of the concept of “control” is its understanding as the system of observation, evaluation and monitoring, audit and performance discipline verification, administration quality, efficiency of budget funds use, effectiveness of administrative decisions and public services quality, realization of programs, plans, strategies, accordance its results with established goals and spent resources, and also national legislation compliance condition.
It is ascertained that for the creation of the effective internal control system in public authorities a number of regulations, which define the basic principles of its implementation, reforming task, strategic directions and main stages of development are developed and approved. In accordance with these documents the essence of internal control consists of such elements: control environment; risk assessment; controlling activities; information and information exchange; monitoring.
Fundamental difference in terms of “internal control” and “internal audit” is specified. It is determined the essence and content characteristics of the internal control system, which includes: subjects (departments of internal control, internal audit and harmonization of internal audit); objects (processes, resources, results of activities); subject; control environment; risk evaluation system; control procedures; accounting system; monitoring; system of authorized access to appropriate information and communication.
The recommendations for effective internal control system in public authorities’ organization are given: it is necessary to create the predictable model of the process, which is controlled, to identify tasks and indicators of its measuring for each process that is controlled and to specify the measures. And, of course, to provide internal control subjects with unrestricted access to the information and documents, to give them appropriate rights and the opportunity to publicize through the media the control activities results, that helps to form personal liability of public officers.
Keywords: public authorities, the internal control system, internal control, internal audit, monitoring, efficiency, administrative decision, administration.